On the first day the brigade was engaged in heavy fighting on the northwest side of the Germanna Plank Road until they were relieved at dusk by Hays Louisiana Brigade. Come ALL! Archer, and Majors William R. Foster and John P. Wilson, Jr. Civil War Flag Staff Finial / Topper for the 12 th Massachusetts Infantry 5 th Corps - This rare regimental and corps, Civil War flag finial is finely engraved on one side of the large, 5 th Corps emblem: "12 Ms Inf" On the opposite side is engraved: "5 th Corps" The 12 th Massachusetts Infantry was organized, in June, 1861, at Boston's Ft. Warren, under the command of Col . The Stonewall Brigade most likely retreated to Virginia bearing all the same colors with which they marched into Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. Because of the reputation of the brigade on both sides of the war, the Stonewall Brigade was the first to march through the Federal lines at the surrender. (function() { Company H Rockbridge Rifles, originally Co. B, 5th regiment, Samuel Houston Letcher. Company E Greenbrier Rifles, Lewisburg, WVA, Robert Dennis Company F Winchester Riflemen, Winchester, VA, William L. Clark, Jr. © 2012 GoldenWest Marketing, all rights reserved, 9th Arkansas Infantry3rd National FlagWaul's Texas Legion Beauregard. The Stonewall Brigade is an authentic living history association concentrated in Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania dedicated to accurately portraying the common soldier of the Civil War. It fought in the Stonewall Brigade, mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia . (later transferred to artillery and known as Carpenters Battery) Noted vexillologist Greg Biggs said "The first 120 silk battle flags were issued in November, 1861. The men then spent the night digging in to their positions on the side of the Mule Shoe.. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. One was given six months hard labor, one was flogged (which would be prohibited by law in April) and three were to be shot, but their sentences were commuted by President Davis. Marched north 25 miles to Salem. Eight companies were from Augusta County and two from Frederick County. A closer examination of the historical record, however, provides compelling evidence that all of these claims are false. The Army of the Valley, led by the survivors of the Stonewall Brigade, filed past Jacksons grave. Company A Wythe Grays, Wythewille, VA, William Terry Similar requests survive for a flag for the Thirty-Third Virginia (issued August 31, 1863) and the Twenty-Seventh Virginia (issued September 30, 1863).23 The flag requested by Terry and pictured above, as well as the post-Gettysburg issue flag of the Second Virginia and a fragment from the post-Gettysburg flag of the Twenty-Seventh Virginia, all now reside in the collection of the American Civil War Museum.24 The flag likely issued to the Fifth Virginia after Gettysburg was once in the Collection of the State Historical Society of Delaware, but has sadly since disappeared.25. Your email address will not be published. This Flag Later the 2d was shifted and fought lively skirmishes with elements of the Union 6th and 12th Corps on the extreme left of the Confederate line of infantry, Wesley Culp was the only KIA reported by the 2d Va. The regiment was mustered into Federal service on September 16, 1861, at St. Albans, Vermont. Military Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. On September 15, 1862, the 5 th and 8 th Florida participated in the capture of Harpers Ferry - the largest single capture of Federal troops during the Civil War. A later account by one of Creightons soldiers, Sergeant Lawrence Wilson of Company D, indicated that many of these men were from the Fourth Virginia.16. Baylor, John H.S. The brigade followed Jackson through the Romney campaign in the first winter of the war, which solidified the relationship between men and commander. It surrendered 8 officers and 248 men. It is based upon the design of the Confederate national flag (known as the Stars and Bars), but modified to feature the Lone Star of Texas. The remnants of the brigade fought for the rest of the day in a pouring rain to hold back the Federal assault until a secondary defensive line could be prepared to the rear. The unit became part of the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T.J. Jackson, Richard B. Garnett, Charles Sidney Winder, Elisha F. Paxton, James A. Walker, and William Terry. Meat rations were reduced to four ounces of bacon, twelve ounces of beef, and ten ounces of flour. Commanded by Major Williams, the regiment marched west through Boonsboro to cross the Potomac at Williamsport, on to Martinsburg, where the Union garrison had retreated, and south to Harpers Ferry. The unit was assigned to General Armistead's, Barton's, and Steuart's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. 4th Virginia Infantry: 5th: Cavalry: R 973.781 A737G: God alone knows which was right : the Blue and Gray Terrill family of Virginia in the Civil War: 5th: Cavalry: R 973.781 A875Y: Designated 5th Infantry Regiment and assigned to 1st Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah under Brigadier General Thomas J. Jackson. Directory designed to help its users find the flag information, source, Thanks for reaching out! Colonel William R. Creighton of the Seventh Ohio reported capturing 78 Confederates at around 11 a.m. on July 315. The brigade, mustering a little over 250 men, was attacked at dawn by Hookers First Corps. Company C Mountain Guard, Staunton, VA, Richard G. Doyle When Virginia demanded the piece of their heritage back, then-Governor Jesse Ventura replied that it was now Minnesota's heritage. The 5th (also known as the 4th) Regiment was organized about July, 1861, in Norfolk, VA with nine companies, A to I. Company G Staunton Rifles, Staunton, VA, Adam W. Harman Although Stonewall Brigade commander Brigadier General James A. Walker made no mention of losing a brigade flag in his official report, Gearys claim initially seems at least plausible upon examination of the actions of the Sixtieth New York.3 The Sixtieth New York, part of the brigade commanded by Brigadier General George S. Greene, was among those units who held the line of Federal breastworks on Culps Hill during the attacks by the Stonewall Brigade on July 3. Your one-stop destination for anything you can think about flag. Marched 15 miles to Big Springs near Martinsburg, then after a few hours rest, another 13 miles to the dam location. The Fourteenth Connecticut, part of the Union II Corps, did not fight on Culps Hill on July 3. About May 1, 1862 Companies A, B, and I which had been reorganized for the war, were assigned to the 14th Battalion. A major Federal attack punched through the Confederate line north of the brigade and overwhelmed the Confederate defenders from front, flank and rear. var _gaq = _gaq || []; The regiment was commanded by Colonel Funk. Company D Mountain Rangers, Winchester, Frederick Co., VA, Frederick W.M. Beginning at dawn, marched around the Union right flank. Thirty-Third Regiment Company F Grayson Daredevils, Elk Creek community, VA, Peyton H. Hale When the Virginia secession convention voted 81 to 51 to secede from the Union on April 17, 1861, Governor John Letcher called for militia companies in the Shenandoah Valley to form and make all haste to Harpers Ferry to secure the town and armaments in the town. Five men were wounded. Flag of Virginia (1861-1865).svg. Company K Montgomery Mountain Boys, Montgomery Co., Robert G. Newlee, Fifth Regiment Designated 5th Infantry Regiment and assigned to 1st Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah under Brigadier General Thomas J. Jackson. Hunter Federal soldiers called to each other to not shoot him, and he returned to the lines. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Lieutenant Colonel William Harman was promoted to colonel and Captain Absalom Koiner of Company H was promoted to major. [1] [2] [3] File:Flag of Virginia (1861).png. This advance surrounded roughly fifty Confederates and resulted in the capture of both a brigade flag and a regimental banner.5 Godard does not make any claims that the flags belonged to the Stonewall Brigade, but they are certainly the same flags discussed by Geary and Slocum. Even after a Presidential order, Minnesota declined. The regiment rested, fed, and re-clothed itself. 4th North Carolina Infantry49th Georgia Infantry7th Virginia Infantry9th Virginia InfantryCo. C, 10th NC Volunteers (Artillery)4th Missouri Infantry Model 1881 5th U.S. INFANTRY DRESS HELMET: $750.00. Company D Southern Guard Augusta County Captain H.J. The march then resumed at a fast pace in the hot, dry dusty day. This Chart shows more examples of the hundreds of different Unit flags used by the Southern Armies during the Civil War. For all the attention placed during the Civil War on protecting ones own battle flag and capturing those of the enemy, it can be surprisingly difficult for modern researchers to track down specifics regarding the fate of a units colors. Marched north to meet Union forces advancing on the town but Banks declined to attack. This article is converted from Wikipedia: 5th Georgia Volunteer Infantry. Company F Greenbrier Sharpshooters, Greenbrier Co., Samuel Brown The regiment was lightly engaged on the 29th. _gaq.push(['gwo._trackPageview', '/2354831680/test']); History of the 1st Mississippi Infantry (State Troops) The following morning on July 3 the Stonewall Brigade participated in a series of assaults which failed to dislodge the Federal troops from their Culps Hill breastworks. After a brief rest, the regiment advanced until they found Banks army in line of battle on a low ridge south of Winchester. The 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. 5th Infantry Regiment was organized in May, 1861, under Colonel Kenton Harper. Served Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1862. Funk 21st, 25th, 42nd44th, 48th and 50th Virginia Consolidated Infantry Regiments: Colonel Robert H.Dungan . It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia . The regiment mustered 430 men. This early issuing of battle flags has been named the "Silk Issue.". [1] It included a total of 1618 soldiers. Your one-stop destination for anything you can think about flag. The brigade reached a ridge near Groveton after having marched three days with only about four hours sleep. The men march 60 miles, crossed two mountain ranges, and forded the Potomac. Crossed the Blue Ridge through Thomas Gap on the way to Orange Court House. (company letter, nickname, where members were from, and first captain), Second Regiment Marched north from Staunton then northwest to McDowell, twenty miles away. A significant portion of the command was captured May 12, 1863 and the few hundred men remaining were consolidated with the shattered remnants of two other brigades to form a single brigade under General William Terry, former commander of the Fourth Virginia. After a night march, the brigade reached the battlefield at dawn and attacked Milroys retreating men. After resting on the ridge for most of the day the brigade ambushed the Union division of Rufus King marching by on the Warrenton Pike. The attack was called off with darkness. On the 30th the morning was quiet, but in the afternoon three heavy Federal attacks were driven back. While researching the role of the Stonewall Brigade at the Battle of Gettysburg, readers will encounter three separate claims of flags belonging to the brigade being captured during the fighting. The materials used were dress silk bolts purchased from Richmond area merchants in bulk. Note: The following is the final part of a four-part series on the actions of the Stonewall Brigade at Gettysburg. Learn how your comment data is processed. Major James Newton took command of the regiment. After replenishing ammunition and resting they moved forward in the afternoon and took up a forward position. After spending a day at Kernstown, the brigade marched through Winchester and made camp about five miles northeast of Winchester at Stephenson Depot, known as Camp Stephenson. Baylor, John H.S. 18th Alabama Infantry22nd Alabama Infantry3rd Confederate Infantry They fought Union cavalry that day along Brinkerhof Ridge, east of the town (a job that ought to have been done by Confederate Cavalry). companies, products and services. Funk Company C Pulaski Guards, Pulaski Co., VA, James Walker Marched to Harrisonburg and deposited knapsacks at the courthouse. Guard duty at Mortons Ford. Union artillery and infantry harassed the efforts, so most attempts were made under cover of night. Marched west to near Chancellorsville and bivouacked on the Plank Road. Previous installments covered the initial skirmishing around Wolfs Hill, the fight for Brinkerhoffs Ridge, and the July 3 assaults on Culps Hill. Evacuation of Harpers Ferry. by Philip Katcher & Rick Scollins; Osprey Publishing Ltd., London, 1992. The army pursued Banks five miles north of Winchester to Stephensons Depot, where the pursuit was called off. An Authentic Civil War Living History Association, The Stonewall Brigade at Gettysburg Part Four: The Fate of the Flags. Out of the 345 men engaged the regiment lost 14 men killed, 33 wounded and 11 missing. Although they do not appear to have been in the trenches during the Stonewall Brigades attack on this portion of the line around 10 a.m., the Sixtieth was responsible for dispatching the skirmishers who advanced following the failure of the Stonewall Brigades attack. The 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought in the Stonewall Brigade, mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia. To New Market, then east over Massanutten Mountain and north through the Luray Valley. '&utmxhash='+escape(h.substr(1)):'')+'" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">')})(); Most of the Stonewall Brigade was killed or captured, with the survivors of the brigade falling back on the 2nd Virginia, which had escaped encirclement. The brigade marched until dawn, when they were given a two hour break. The 5th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.It fought in the Stonewall Brigade, mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.. 5th Infantry Regiment was organized in May, 1861, under Colonel K. Harper. It fought in the Stonewall Brigade, mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia. The army reorganization legislated by the Conscription Act led to the highest level of recruitment during the Civil War. Company E Augusta Greys Augusta County Captain J.W. Crossed the Potomac and camped at Darkesville. Captured at the battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864 by Pvt. The regiment lost 14 men killed and 91 wounded. Company D Southern Guard, Staunton, VA, Hazael J. Williams Description. It reported 9 killed, 48 wounded, and 4 missing at First Kernstown, had 4 killed, 89 wounded, and 20 missing at Cross Keys and the Port Republic, and suffered 14 killed and 91 wounded at Second Manassas. Brief History. The materials used were dress silk bolts purchased from Richmond area merchants in bulk. Come one! Hard core flag scholars of CSA flags will probably be unhappy with this decision. _gaq.push(['_setAllowHash', false]); Thomas J. Jackson wounded Chancellorsville, 1863, died Guinea Station, 1863, William Baylor KIA Second Manassas, 1862, Franklin E. Paxton KIA Chancellorsville, 1863, The Regiments of theStonewall Brigade Funk Many of the men ran out of ammunition and defended the position with bayonets or thrown rocks until Longstreets assault saved the line from collapse. Company I Rockingham Confederates, Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co. VA, John R. Jones The men were distributed salt pork, their first meal since Harpers Ferry. It surrendered 8 officers and 48 men. Since the only red-like colors available in bulk were either pink or rose, these first battle flags were a lighter shade of pink rather that the red envisioned by the Confederate general staff. The brigade withdrew to outside Charles Town. Newton ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? This page was last edited on 8 November 2022, at 19:44. The 5th Battalion, Virginia Infantry, also known as the Archer's Battalion, was raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and served as infantry. Your email address will not be published. Remained in position skirmishing on the Armys left flank. Resumed the march at dawn, reaching Piedmont Station, where they boarded trains for Manassas. Moved from Camp Harman to a camp near Fairfax Court House, Brigadier General Jackson was promoted to Major General. The regiment was in reserve during the battle, which was fought in a tremendous thunderstorm. In 1998, 2000, 2003, and in 2015, the answer remained the same. Music: "The Bonnie Blue Flag", History of the 1st Mississippi Infantry (State Troops) The regiment was known as the "Fighting Fifth". White Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. The Department of Northern Virginia was created. (function() { Marched north to attack Union forces withdrawing down the valley, bivouacking at Cedar Creek. The men continued their march on foot, arriving after Hunters Federals had withdrawn from the city. 26th South Carolina InfantryShea's Vernon's Texas Battery1st Virginia Volunteer Infantry Doyle Colonel Harper resigned when General Jackson refused to grant him a furlough to go home to be with his dying wife. Into camp at Mount Solon, ten miles south of Harrisonburg. The 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment was organized in May, 1861, under Colonel Kenton Harper. June 8. Secured the high ground east of Winchester, skirmishing with Union forces. The next one I can find is the 13th Georgia Infantry returning the flag of the 119th New York in 1885. The 35th and 43rd Infantry did not complete organization. Company C Nelson Rifles, Millwood, VA , William Nelson Twelve men formed in the firing squad, half of whose rifles were loaded, while the condemned men knelt in front of their graves. On July 2 the 2d suffered 6 wounded, but no KIAs. We strive to present an authentic, research-based impression of the individual soldiers of the Civil War to serve as an educational resource for the public, to preserve and interpret history, and to honor the . The brigade marched to Bunker Hill to block the Winchester-Martinsburg Road. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Jackson had been picked to lead the First Virginia Brigade by Robert E. Lee, then an advisor to Jefferson Davis. Company I Ready Rifles, Sangerville community, VA, Oswald F. Grimman 36th Virginia Infantry Regiment: Lieutenant Colonel William Estill Fife 60th Virginia Infantry Regiment: Colonel Beuhring Hampden Jones Funk. Company A Jefferson Guards, Jefferson Co. WVA, John W. Rowan The army moved out of the Valley over the Blue Ridge in the direction of Charlottesville. The brigade formed line of battle with the 2nd in the center of the line and attacked the Union position, but were pinned down by heavy artillery fire. Well reach out with some additional information for you. June 19-26. Expedition to destroy Dam #5 on the Potomac and wreck the C&O Canal. Marched through Leesburg and forded the Potomac at Whites Ford while the brigade band played. "Confederate Battle Flag of a (the 50th) Va Regiment, captured in the Wilderness by Private John H. Opel, Co. G 7th Indiana Volunteers 1st Brigade 4th Division 5th Army Corps." This article could probably use a refresh and well be sure to update that portion to ensure its accurate! History of the 46th Mississippi Infantry Thank you, Austin, for taking the time to research a question many amateur historians and hobbyists have considered, As a miniatures painter, I previoously consulted with you on the Stonewall Brigades colors at the Battle of Gainesville (Brawners Farm). The field officers were Colonels William S.H. Later when cotton replacement flags were issued, entire divisions at a time would get them to replace older or worn out and captured colors. Company K Continental Morgan Guards Frederick County Captain J. Avis Received the first rations in two days a quarter pound of bacon and a pound of stale cornbread. Can you please assist me? The army marched south, with the plan to turn around and launch a night attack, but advance elements marched past the turn-around point and the attack plan was abandoned. Skirmish for the bridges at Port Republic. The brigade returned to Hamiltons Crossing east of Fredericksburg and formed Camp Paxton, The news of Jacksons death reached the brigade. The regiment was known as the "Fighting Fifth". There was Great consternation when the news spread that Jackson had been wounded. The unit became part of the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T.J. Jackson, Richard B. Garnett, Charles Sidney Winder, Elisha F. Paxton, James A. Walker and William Terry. Moved to Camp Harman, a mile east of Centerville, the old camp having become so unhealthy it was nicknamed Camp Maggot. Later the 5th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then was active in Early's Shenandoah Valley operations and around Appomattox. The Stonewall Brigade marched south and over the Blue Ridge at Luray Gap, through Orange Court House and Madison Court House, through Gordonsville, to Guineys Station. The 2,611 men that gathered at Harper's Ferry in April were organized into five regiments of infantry and a battery of artillery and designated as the First Brigade, Virginia Volunteers. In the afternoon it was brought forward to repel a Union breakthrough. Although from later in the war, this sketch depicts Union soldiers posing with captured battle flags. _gaq.push(['_setDomainName', 'none']); Assigned to Terrys Consolidated Brigade, Gordons Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); Went into winter quarters near Pisgah Church, named Camp Stonewall Jackson. Jeffry D. Wert, in his excellent dual history of the Stonewall Brigade and the Iron Brigade, wrote that after the failure of the final Confederate assault on Culps Hill, the Fourteenth Connecticut rushed forward in a counterattack as the Confederates tried to withdraw. It was captured by a New York cavalry officer near Appomattox just one day before the surrender at Appomattox. Left Winchester for Romney at 5 am. The brigade was under artillery bombardment in the morning. The production of these variants would continue through May of 1864, and there were around 6-8 actual versions, or "buntings" before the war's end. Questions or comments? Jackson had left his teaching position at the Virginia Military Institute to join the Virginia forces when war broke out. After the main attack was launched the brigade moved to the left flank of Jacksons force. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); Before dawn, the men prepared three days rations rations (and ate them), were issued 60 rounds of ammunition, and were ordered to leave their knapsacks in an empty building. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. In his official after-action report, Brigadier General John W. Geary, commander of the Second Division of the Union XII Corps, reported that the Sixtieth New York Volunteers of his command captured the brigade colors of the Stonewall Brigade, along with the battle flag of an unidentified Virginia regiment.1 The day after the battle, XII Corps commander Major General Henry W. Slocum forwarded to his superiors the two flags captured by the Sixtieth New York. Particularly when a unit is as celebrated as the Stonewall Brigade, there may be a tendency for opposing units to want to believe they have captured the famous units colors. later formed a part of the 15th Regiment. The 5th Vermont Infantry was part of the Army of the Potomac, in the Vermont Brigade of the Sixth Army Corps. The Fifth formed behind a wall and acted as rearguard. Advanced on the Union camp but came under fire from large caliber naval guns, and the attack was called off. Eight companies were from Augusta County and two from Frederick County. Baylor. Company H Letcher Riflemen, Duffields community, VA, James H.L. After taking most of the day to move into position the brigade attacked at dusk, facing terrific fire. Home Research A Brief History of the Stonewall Brigade. The regiment lost during service: 201 men killed and mortally wounded, 4 died from accident, 1 . It lost 9 men killed, 48 wounded, and 4 missing out of 450 engaged. Since Creighton clearly make a mistake in his report, possibly due to battle damage to the banner, we cannot positively rule out the possibility that Pollack found the fallen colors of the Fourth Virginia from the slopes of Culps Hill on July 4, but this possibility is no more likely than many other regiments. Company G Botts Greys, Charlestown, WVA, Lawson Botts Confederate Flags of the Civil War 28th North Carolina Infantry Co. E, 1st Kentucky Infantry Co. D, 21st Mississippi Infantry 9th Arkansas Infantry 3rd National Flag Waul's Texas Legion Upson County (Ga.) Guards 8th Virginia Infantry 5th Florida Infantry 4th North Carolina Infantry 49th Georgia Infantry 7th Virginia Infantry The Stonewall Brigade went to the support of Steuarts Brigade, who were trying to assault Culps Hill while fighting off a Federal counterattack. 5 Godard does not make any claims that the flags belonged to the Stonewall Brigade, but they are certainly the same flags discussed by Geary and Slocum. Colonel Funk commanded the raid, and at the end had five bullet holes in his clothing but was unscathed. Bombarded Hancock, which refused to surrender. Colonel Hazael Johnson Williams was badly wounded in the thigh. 18th Alabama Infantry22nd Alabama Infantry3rd Confederate Infantry Well done! 1st Tennessee Infantry7th Mississippi Infantry Marched northeast, fording the Rapidan River and reaching Jeffersonton.